Monday, March 30, 2015

Future upgrades to the app

How can we improve the app?





A bit more than a year ago I asked for your help in how we could improve the app. I updated the list as suggestions came in through comments, email, and in-person discussion, and with the release last fall a lot of the improvements made it into the app.

Now that the new version has been out for a few months, I want to start a new list for a future third - and ideally final - release. We have no source of funds at the moment, but I think it's valuable to keep track of what needs changing/fixing. If you have more suggestions, please let me know in the comments.

Things to change/improve in a future version of the app

Star search

  • Further improve star selection based on app data (preferentially use easier stars)
  • Make more use of "pointing stars"
  • Allow search to start with Venus or Jupiter
  • Allow the user to change the sensor settings (speed and/or damping) to make the display more comfortable
  • When screen is frozen, allow navigation by sliding finger 
  • Allow the user to adjust the number of stars displayed on the screen to match a given skyglow level? (a bit dangerous, as this could potentially cause biased observations)
  • Shaking the phone unlocks the locked circle (goes back to arrow) 
  • Try to work out that the user is standing on a balcony, and don't suggest stars in that direction 

Usability

  • Figure out what causes the occasional crash on startup
  • Better way to deal with very bright locations
  • Strategies for classifying areas with NELM>5
  • Interface to allow advanced users to submit what their estimate of the limiting magnitude is
  • New "constellation mode". Highlights a single constellation, and the user has to click on a star to declare it visible (turns from dot to star) and click a second time to declare it invisible (turns from star to empty circle or x), click third time for "just at visible limit"
    •  Or extend this mode to cover several hundred stars over the whole sky, and the observer can just pick which ones she wants to label?
  • Arrange "my measurements" by date
  • Manual way to calibrate the compass to remove azimuth error 
    • Add a compass-free option in "settings" menu for places with weird magnetic fields
  • Investigate behavior of auto brightness on Android (does it turn to full on app startup?)

Community

  • Have the database in the background: users can log in see their observations - where they were taken, how they relate to those of others, see the observations of others, tools to examine how it is changing over time, see the accuracy of the data they gathered themselves
  • Graphical web display of your like I have shown on the blog in the past
  • Option to share your observation via facebook and twitter
  • Badges - you've observed 7 stars, you've repeated an observation at the same location ~1 year later, you've done 10 observations, 5 times in a single city, 5 locations, etc...
  • Guide users to locations that we particularly need measurements (e.g. repeat measurements from previous years).
  • Incentivize good data: Have a friendly competition where the best quality and quantity is rewarded (with a visit to the closest telescope and a personal lecture from an astronomer). Reward observations in particularly important locations

Extra features

  • A "talking" tutorial that tells you how to find the stars, asks you to turn in different directions, etc.
  • Video tutorial
  • Find a way to calibrate the compass within the app (on Android, iOS already has this)
  • Port to WindowsPhone and Blackberry
  • Allow observing below 45 degrees and making maps of the stellar visibility on the full sky dome
  • Check the clock using GPS and warn the user if their phone's clock is off by more than 2 minutes (and then exit app). Prevents records having a false time
  • Allow option of displaying user's location on a map to make sure it is correct
  • Check whether the phone has a compass, and don't allow start if there is no compass

Technical

  • Change behavior of star search with "averted vision" decision (technical)  

Now it's your turn. What other changes should we make to the app?

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Effect of a single floodlamp in a natural area

Zoltán Kolláth took these amazing images of the shadow a church tower cast on the clouds in Torniella, Italy:

Floodlit church shadow by Zoltán Kolláth is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Fisheye church shadow by Zoltán Kolláth is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The church tower is lit by a single poorly directed floodlight that shines much of the light into the sky rather than onto the tower. It dramatically demonstrates the effect that individual poorly directed lamps can have on the night environment in a natural area.

The village had turned off the public street lighting for a light pollution measurement campaign organized by the Loss of the Night Network, so we were able to compare the effect from that single lamp to the villages streetlights (which are mostly well directed). At our measurement location on a football pitch 250 meters from the church, the single lamp produced about 5% as much skyglow as the entire town's ~100 street lights put together! Keep in mind that since we can see the shadow the church projects on the sky, we're not actually under the beam of light - in other areas the effect is likely even larger.

The floodlit tower from closer up
The single floodlight that causes the problem


Whenever floodlighting is directed upward and only a portion of it hits the intended target, the rest of the light is simply wasted in brightening the night sky. However, you usually aren't able to see it because of all of the other wasted light shining into the sky. We were only able to take such an image because the village was kind enough to turn off all of the entire public lighting system for several hours each night during our measurement campaign:

The official announcement that streetlights would be turned off, displayed in a local bar

The church tower in the example above is at least an attractive element in the city. This evening in Florence we happened to notice an upward directed floodlight that was "needed" to illuminate a boring brick hotel wall. For a brief moment, we introduced a bit of darkness to make it a bit more interesting:


Light shone into the sky isn't just a waste of money and energy, it destroys one of Earth's most threatened habitats: the night. If you want to help bring the night back to Earth, consider making a donation or becoming a member of the International Dark-Sky Association.

Note for new visitors: This blog is about the Loss of the Night app project, in which citizen scientists to track how skyglow is changing worldwide with the introduction of LED lights. I also have a photo series in which I profile good and bad lighting.

Thursday, March 12, 2015

Globe at Night in other languages

Here is the link to the download page for Globe at Night information in other languages.

The webapp is currently available in:

Globe at Night auf Deutsch

Der "Globe at Night" Projekt hat leider keine Deutsche Website, der es gibt ein Deutsche Version von der webapp. Es gibt auch Infos für Lehrer/in und Familien die mitmachen wollen, hier zum Beispiel für Orion. Für andere Sternbilder, klicken sie hier. Der Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) hat auch Infos über die internationale Nacht der Himmelsbeobachtung veröffentlicht.

Wir danken für Ihre helfe die Veränderung unser Nachthimmels zu beobachten!

Thursday, March 5, 2015

The Globe at Night revisit project (2015)

The goal of the Loss of the Night app is to track how skyglow is changing worldwide. But since it was only released in 2013, it will be a while before we'll really be able to see the changes. But the Globe at Night program is already in its tenth year, so the time series is already relatively well developed.

The best place to make a skyglow observation is someplace very close to your home, so that you can observe there again in the future. But if you are willing to travel a kilometer or two in order to help us track how is changing, you could help us out by making an observation near the same place one was made in the past.


The map above shows 5,000 locations on Earth where someone made an observation in the past but there hasn't been a new observation within the last five years. If you can make an observation near to one of these points (or if you have a friend who lives close to one of them), it would be extremely helpful.

You don't need to go to the exact point shown (in fact, I shifted the points by some distance to preserve anonymity). An observation within about 100 meters is close enough.

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Flashmob for Science in Berlin on March 14

On March 14 (Pi day) together with Clear Sky Blog we will host a "Flashmob for Science" event in Park am Gleisdreieck. You can register (and let your friends know about it) on Facebook, and you can read more about the event (in German) on this Clear Sky Blog post or from Wissenschaft im Dialog.

The idea behind our Flashmob for Science events is to understand how much variation there is between observations from different users. Everyone has slightly different eyesight, different phone displays, and a different threshold for what counts as "seeing" a star. On top of that, the order of the stars we suggest and accidental mis-identifications can affect the result (which is why viewing more than the minimum 8 stars is a good idea!). These differences aren't a problem for the science, as long as we understand how large the variation due to them is.

Our first-ever Flashmob for Science in 2012 was a relatively small affair. This time we're aiming for a much larger event. The more participants we have, the better our understanding of these variations will be! So please come and join us in Berlin on March 14!


Note: When deciding whether a star is "visible" or not, the best technique is to say it's not visible unless you can always or nearly always see it with direct vision. If it only occasionally twinkles into view, say it's invisible or that you can only see it with averted vision.

Thursday, February 12, 2015

Tweeted summary of our new paper about skyglow

We published a paper about skyglow today, in which researchers from 12 countries continuously measured the night sky brightness during the summers of 2011 and 2012. The paper is open access, so you can read it for free here!

Here are the highlights: